Delhi, also know as New Delhi is the second largest
metropolis in India, with a population of 11.9 million, and a
federally-administered union territory officially known as the National
Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). Located on the banks of the Yamuna
River in northern India, it is one of the oldest continually inhabited
cities in the world.
been the capital of several ancient Indian empires and a major city
along the old trade routes between northwest India and the Indo-Gangetic
Plains. It is the site of many ancient and medieval monuments,
archaeological sites and remains. The Mughal emperor Shahjahan built the
city, now known as "Old Delhi", to serve as the capital of the Mughal
Empire from 1649 to 1857.
British Raj took control of India during the 19th century, Calcutta
became the capital until George V announced in 1911 that it was to move
back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built during the
1920s. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New
Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. As such, New
Delhi houses important offices of the federal government, including the
Parliament of India.
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